Zhang Daoling, a character-assisted Han, a native of the Eastern Han Dynasty, was originally a Tai student, proficient in the Five Classics. Shun Emperor entered Shu in the Eastern Han Dynasty and learned Taoism in Heming Mountain (now in Dayi County, Chengdu). In 141 AD, Zhang Daoling created a Taoist book, saying that he was "the decline of heaven and man". He specially came to teach the people "the way of being one ally and presiding over one another". He began to teach people how to treat people with water charms and spells. Since the entrant must pay five dolls of rice, it is called "Five Dolls of Rice Road".
Zhang Daoling arrived at Qingcheng Mountain in 143 A.D. and established 24 parishes here. He set up headquarters in each parish. Zhang Daoling claimed to be a teacher of heaven and was in charge of the affairs of the whole religion. Zhang Daoling's Wudoumi Road is mainly in Bashu area. After the death of Zhang Daoling, his son Zhang Heng continued to preach. After Zhang Heng's death, the leadership of Wudou Rice Road was all owned by Zhang Xiu. At that time, Wudou Rice Road had great momentum. After the failure of the Yellow Towel Uprising, Zhang Jiao was killed. Zhang Xiu hid himself and was finally killed by Zhang Lu, the grandson of Zhang Daoling.
Zhang Lu practiced the system of the unity of politics and religion in Hanzhong. In the past 30 years, the power of Wudoumi Dao reached its peak in Hanzhong. By the 20th year of Jian'an (215 AD), Cao Cao attacked Hanzhong and Zhang Lujiang. The Wudoumi Road was then passed to the Central Plains of the north. After the unification of Jin Dynasty, it spread to the southeast coastal area.